There are a number of genetic disorders including dangerous ones and attractive ones. Genetic disorders are the disorders that we get genetically from one of our parents. Here are some genetic disorders that you haven’t ever heard about.
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Vitiligo causes the skin, hair, and even nails to lose color. There is no treatment, but it can be slowed down. Winnie Harlow, pictured above, is a model who has vitiligo. She is known for the white patches on her skin, and she is proud of them. We agree — they are beautiful. One of the most well-known cases of vitiligo was Michael Jackson, who lost 100% of his skin pigmentation.
2 Mixed twins
No matter how strange it might sound, these 2 girls are identical twins. The genetic work behind this mutation is very complex. Yet it may result in “same-egg” kids looking completely different. Imagine the parents’ surprise when they saw their babies for the first time!
A lock of white hair in newborns and adults — if you’ve seen one, they are most likely to have piebaldism. This is a rare genetic condition where a person is missing cells called melanocytes. It causes a white patch of skin to appear (mostly on the forehead) along with white hair. We think it looks unusual and magical as if a person arrived from a fantasy story.
4 Distichiasis or double eyelashes
Elizabeth Taylor, one of the most renowned actresses in the world, had double eyelashes. This condition that made her eyes look even more attractive is a genetic mutation called distichiasis. Very few people have this condition, and it doesn’t always look that pretty as lashes can grow unevenly, making the bearer get rid of them surgically.
5 Heterochromia iridum or multiple colors in eyes
If you have friends or family with different eye colors or multiple colors, then they have heterochromia iridium. This mutation causes the eyes to be different colors or the pigmentation to be sparse across the iris. Imagine having one blue and one brown eye — there is something very cool about it.
This is probably the most unlikely mutation that can be considered beautiful. Gigantism, especially in its worst forms, is a very serious condition that results in many illnesses and early death. But there is the positive example of Elisany da Cruz Silva. This Brazilian girl, despite having had a pituitary gland tumor, grew to be 6′ 9″ tall and even took on a modeling job. Luckily, the tumor was removed in time, and Elisany stopped growing.
7 Cleft chin
Some people believe that a cleft chin shows a person’s strong character, but, in reality, it is the result of the failed fusion of the chin bones during an embryo’s development. Simply, a gene that helps the bones to fuse together is missing in that embryo. So next time you say someone has a “butt chin,” think about how unfortunate he or she is to not have that gene.
8 Red hair in people of African descent
Albinism, and also the mutation in the MC1R gene inherited from parents or grandparents of different ethnicity, may cause people of African and Asian origin to have auburn hair, freckles, or blue eyes. The Australian aborigines have had a similar mutation for hundreds of years.
9 Ocular albinism
Ocular albinism, a rare genetic condition, affects only the eyes, causing pigment to disappear from the iris. When we see children from a primarily dark-eyed family having blue or green eyes, they are most likely ocular albinos. Now, this might be a mutation to dream about if you are brown-eyed and wish to have a child with blue or green eyes!
Dimples frequently take place on both, a single dimple on one side is a rare phenomenon. The genetics of dimples is basically rather interesting. They are a dominant trait, which signifies that it only takes one gene to inherit this defect. Variations of the zygomaticus major muscle lead cheek dimples to form.
11 Tetra-chromatic vision
Most of us have three kinds of light-receiving cone cells that give us a better vision. Because the genes for cone pigments are on the X chromosomes, some think that women might be more likely to be tetrachromats (they are able to process more color variation than the average human.)
In a 2010 study, neuroscientist Dr. Gabriele Jordan was able to find a woman who displayed some signs of being a tetrachromat (i.e. increased color recognition)