The world’s oceans make up around 70 percent of this planet, and only 5 percent of them have been explored. Even with this small exploration, we have found incredibly mysteries things (i.e. underwater creatures, remains of ruined cities and ancient ships sunk in oceans). Here are a few of them, we believe that you will find them interesting.
1 The Goblin Shark
The Goblin shark is by far the most distinct species in its family due to its appearance.
At first glance, it looks like an alien straight out of a science fiction movie. Its snout resembles the shape of a well-forged blade ready to cut anything its path and its jaw houses nearly 35-53 upper teeth rows and 31 to 62 lower teeth rows. When it attacks, the jaws thrust out of its face to catch its prey. The size of the adults can vary between 3-4 meters long, and they weigh about 200 kilograms.
Unlike other sharks, the Goblin shark moves slowly and therefore attacks only unaware prey. Since it's found more at depths ranging from 1300-1370 meters, it has little use for eyes and uses the sand to locate its prey. Though it is not considered to be dangerous, the mere sight of it can give you nightmares. It is also a living fossil of sorts as its ancestry trace back to the Cretaceous period.
Most of its current features strongly point to the primitive characteristics.
2 The Vampire Squib
A vampire squid is something you would expect to see in a B-grade horror movie, but underwater explorations have successfully found this horrible deep sea creature alive and well under our oceans.
Despite its name, this squid is small in size. The adult grows to only about 6 inches in length but don’t let the size fool you. It belongs to an ancient species and is the only remaining member of the Vampyromorphida family. It even has light-producing organs which allow it to light itself on and off whenever it wants. Its eight arms are lined with fleshy spines and suction cups.
Since it’s a deep-sea creature, the feeding and reproductive habits of this species are not fully known, but it is believed to feed on small fishes and invertebrates.
3 The Frilled Shark
When you think of a shark, a certain image comes to mind fairly easily because it is so iconic. But what if all our perceptions of this prehistoric animal are shattered?
The Frilled shark looks more of a deep sea serpent than a fish due to its unmistakable physical characteristics. There are so many fascinating aspects to this creature such as the way it moves under water. Unlike traditional sharks, this one hovers in the water and is believed to strike its prey like a snake.
Until now, no one has been able to record it feeding so the assumption made by scientists is based more on the way its body is designed. It is typically seen at depths of 390-4200 feet under the oceans and they can grow to a maximum of 6.4 feet. While that size may seem small, do not mistake it to be a docile creature.
4 The Giant Squib
It’s impossible to discuss the world deep under our oceans without mentioning a sea monster. The Giant Squid is one of the largest creatures to be discovered living deep underwater. One look at this amazing creature and you’ll know why people feared the Kraken.
The biggest one found so far reached nearly 59 feet in length and weighed about a ton. The Blue Whale might be a lot bigger but there’s something intrinsically more frightening about a 60-foot creature with eight arms than a docile and beautiful 100-foot long whale.
The Giant Squid has massive eyes that allow them to see other creatures better in the deepest depths of the ocean. Experts believe species might even feed on small whales.
5 Tank And Masks - Haunting Reminder Of The War
The Nippo Maru can be found in Truk Lagoon, Micronesia, and is quite an astonishing site for divers. As seen in the image above, here lies a medium size freighter with some amazing items still resting on its deck. Among the items can be found, a military tank, which sits on the port side of the ship. This ship was only discovered in June 1980 by Klaus Lindemann, amazing considering she was bombed, and later sank on February 16th 1945. The The Nippo Maru rests at 160 feet, and remains one of the most beautiful shipwrecks, some even call it "the million dollar wreck. ”
6 Ancient Computer
If you think computers are a modern invention, think again. A clock like device that is being billed as an ancient computer was found off the coast of the island Antikythera in Greece. The device has been named the Antikythera mechanism and it is estimated to be around 2,000 years old. Researchers believe it was used to calculate the movement of stars and planets. The device retains a lot of mystery though, and it’s full use is still not known. It is made up of 30 gears within a wooden frame which is decorated with 2,000 characters which researchers have not yet been able to understand. Even though the device was used by ancient Greeks, it was found in the remains of a Roman ship. Researchers and explorers are looking forward to going back to the wreck in order to understand more about the device, and perhaps even find out how it ended up in Roman hands.
7 Trucks at the bottom of the Larnaca Bay
At the bottom of Larnaca Bay, Cyprus, is where you can find these trucks along with the ship that carried them. The two large vehicles pictured above are among the 120 that went down with the ship, MS Zenobia. It was during her maiden voyage, in June 1980 that the ship sadly sank. For those interested in visiting this wreck, she can be spotted resting at about 42m. It is amazing how different items can look after decades of laying on the ocean floor, in this case three decades. Do we find these items so captivating because of how eerie they look in pictures, or it is the history attached to them that we want to know more about?
8 Ancient Phoenician Vessel
Divers off the coast of Malta, 400 ft below the surface of the Mediterranean Sea found a vessel estimated to be around 3,000 years old. It is 50 ft long and when it sunk, the seabed cushioned its descent so the vessel and all the cargo it carried have been pretty well preserved. The relics found among the wreck include lava grinding stones and large ceramic jugs that were used to hold wine. The relics indicate that the wreck could be from as far back as 700 B.C. which would mean this is the oldest shipwreck found in the Mediterranean Sea. It is believed to have belonged to the Ancient Phoenicians and was a trading vessel. The Phoenicians were known to be great ship builders who were great merchants constantly crossing the sea. Unfortunately, even great shipbuilding cannot withstand the sea and its whims and this trading vessel met a watery demise as did everyone on board.
9 Lake Michigan Stonehenge
This one isn’t actually in an ocean, but it is certainly bizarre. This strange rock formation, found in Lake Michigan, seems to resemble Stonehenge very strongly. Even stranger, directly next to the formation is a boulder that appears to carry an ancient engraving of a mastodon. To make it even weirder, directly next to that is a pile of car and boat skeletons.
10 The Lost City of Heracleion
This discovery was a great one for archaeologist Franck Goddio. He searched for 4 years before finding the ancient Egyptian city.
11 The ghost fleet
This discovery was more sad and eerie than anything. In 1944, the Allied powers bombed Chuuk Lagoon, destroying over 300 aircraft and boats. 20 years later, divers investigated the site, and found many vehicles with skeletons still trapped inside.
12 SS President Coolidge
This ship sank in the Pacific Ocean after hitting some underwater mines. Before it was used during war, it was a beautiful ship used for vacationers. The left behind wreckage is haunting.
13 Train Graveyard
As you have probably realized by now, a lot of human made things end up in the ocean. While in the moment it is usually tragedy that causes it, it also gives us insight into history. Off the coast of New Jersey lies a train graveyard. In 1985 one Paul Hepler was attempting to map the ocean floor, but 90 ft below the surface he came across the final resting place for this train. The trains date back from the 1850’s and the model is one that was only around for a very short period of time, the Planet Class 2-2-2 T model. This model was much smaller than other trains being built at that time. For comparison, the Planet Class 2-2-2 T model weighed around 15 while its counterparts weighed around 35 tons.
14 The Dumbo Octopus
Unlike others in the list, the Dumbo Octopus refers to an entire genus of creatures rather than a single one.
The name covers all the octopuses that fall under the same family of deep-sea umbrella octopuses. They are known to live deep under the ocean at depths of 13,100 feet and below and move much slower than their cousins and use their cute little arms to steer while their tiny fins propel them forward.
Dumbo Octopus forage for small invertebrates and are found very rarely to come into contact with humans.
15 Ancient Underwater City Of Pavlopetri
Discovered in 1967 by Dr. Nic Flemming, this port town from the Neolithic era can be found off the southern coast of Greece. Ancient pottery was discovered at the site, giving archaeologists the impression that the town of Pavlopetri traded goods within the city and by sea.
According to Flemming in 2009, Pavlopetri is thousands of years older than most of the ancient underwater ruins that have already been discovered. The estimated area of the town covers about 100,000 square meters (1.1 million ft2). Its remote location likely preserved it from being disrupted by humans before the discovery.
Neolithic pottery is one of the most notable finds in this underwater city. It provided a timeline for researchers to understand just how old these ancient ruins were. Originally, Pavlopetri was thought to be part of the Bronze Age. But after further exploration, the city was found to be more than 1,000 years older than previously thought.
16 Bimini Road, Bahamas
One of the most popular tourist attractions in the Bahamas is Bimini Road, an underwater path discovered in the 1930s. The origin of this ocean feature is unknown, though many believe it to be a path leading to the lost city of Atlantis.
Sitting just 6 meters (20 ft) under the water’s surface, Bimini Road is accessible to those curious enough to dive down and experience the mysterious formation for themselves.
Possible origin stories for Bimini Road have been featured in different mystery pieces on Unexplained Mysteries, Unsolved Mysteries in the World, and more. The origin theories include ancient Egyptian divine protectors, the path to Atlantis, and a natural occurrence without any help from humans.
17 Ruins Of Atlit Yam Mediterranean Sea
Ancient cities found in the depths of the sea are always intriguing, no matter how many are discovered. The ruins of Atlit Yam are 8–12 meters (26–39 ft) deep in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Israel.
Discovered in 1984, the city is believed to belong to the Neolithic era and is one of the largest underwater settlements ever found. Exploration at Atlit Yam has produced the remains of houses, water wells, humans, and animals as well as objects, artifacts, and mysterious structures dating back thousands of years.
One of its most impressive structures is thought to be a ritual site consisting of huge stones arranged in a circle around what used to be a spring. Other interesting discoveries at Atlit Yam include a stone well used for water service and eventually as a disposal pit (due to the large number of remains found inside).
Sixty-five sets of human remains were also located in and around the city, some providing the earliest known cases of tuberculosis. There were also bones of wild and domesticated animals, suggesting that those who occupied Atlit Yam both hunted and raised animals for food.
18 The Great Blue Hole Belize
With a name as daunting as this one, the Great Blue Hole of Belize should surely attract curious divers and thrill seekers—and it does. Found off the coast of Belize, this natural sinkhole is the largest ever recorded.
Made famous in 1971 by Jacques Cousteau, it has since developed into a tourist attraction. Visitors can take guided diving trips into the Great Blue Hole that was formed from a limestone cave during the last Ice Age hundreds of thousands of years ago.
This impressive natural feature in the Caribbean Sea is 300 meters (980 ft) across and 125 meters (410 ft) deep, making it quite the accomplishment to dive the entire depth. (This is not recommended, and guided tours will only take you a fraction of the way down.)