Here we have long list of best engaging ruins around the world and we believe they will fascinate you and will make your day. They are the historical places which we can say are ruined but you can see that they are still beautiful and best places. “Old Is Gold”.
1 Machu Picchu (Peru)
The most famous of all the Inca ruins, Machu Picchu appears to be suspended between two mountains and is often enshrouded in mist. It can't be seen from the Urubamba Valley below and is an enchanting place, especially considering that the Incas didn't even have the use of the wheel when they built it.
Machu Picchu was built in the mid 15th century, but since its existence was not recorded by the Spanish Conquistadors who ramsacked the region in the 1530s, we don't really know what its purpose was. Many of the ruins incorporate ceremonial features, so it could possibly have been a religious sanctuary. It's likely that the place was already deserted by the time of the Spanish invasion, as otherwise it would have been mentioned in their reports of the Inca civilization.
The Inca had no system of writing and left no written records, so archaeologists have been left to piece together bits of evidence as to why Machu Picchu was built, what purpose it served, and why it was so quickly vacated.
2 Roman Forum
As the saying goes, all roads lead to Rome, and in the Ancient World, all roads led to the Roman Forum. Spread out in the valley between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, the Roman Forum was the center of the Roman Empire from about 500 B.C. to 400 A.D. All aspects of public life took place here: triumphal processions, elections, public speeches, criminal trials, gladiatorial matches, and commercial affairs. Here, Marc Anthony delivered Julius Caesar's funeral oration and Augustus built the Temple to the Deified Caesar. In 2011, the Tempio di Vesta, where the vestal virgins lived, reopened to the public, granting visitors access to this sacred site.
3 CHICHÉN ITZÁ (TINUM, MEXICO)
Palenque is considered as most impressive Mayan ruins of Mexico, surrounded by dense forest, waterfalls and mountains. It represent gracefulness of architecture and creativity of Mayan civilization. The Mayan temples at Palenque are known for their architectural style and beautiful sculptures. The site was built between 226 B.C and 799 A.D. At the end of 10th century the site was declined and abandoned. Later Palenque ruin first visited back in 1773. The total area of of the important historical site is 1780 hectares. It is estimated that only 10 percentage of the site has been restored and major portion of Pelnque is still covered by dense forest.
The restored portion of Palenque contains many temples, sculptures and bas-relief carvings. An impressive pyramid is located at the entrance of temple site of Palenque. It features hieroglyphics inscriptions. The tomb of Mayan king Pakal was also discovered from temple site. It is located at the bottom level of the site, accessed by stone staircase. The tomb is close for public. The walls and columns of the site features stucco scenes and vaulted halls linked with impressive galleries.
4 Bablyon (Iraq)
Some 90 kilometres south of modern Bagdhad lies the ruins of ancient Babylon, the original name of which, "bab-ili", may be translated as "the Gate of the Gods". For the world at large, Babylon ranks as one of the most famous cities of antiquity, reknowned alike for its refinement, beauty and magnificence. In classical times, the city walls of Babylon were spoken of with admiration and astonishment, while her "Hanging Gardens" were accounted one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
As a centre of culture and government, it flourished for about fifteen centuries, from the arrival of the Amorites ca. 1850 B.C. down to Alexander the Great, who died there in 322 B.C. One of the best known of the city's early rulers was the great law-giver, Hammurabi (1792-1750 B.C.).
5 Pyramids of Giza
In the desert south of Cairo, three enormous pyramids testify to the legacy of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. The Pyramid of Khufu, commonly known as the Great Pyramid of Giza, is the largest of the three and the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (as well as the only one still in existence). Khafre and Menkaure (Khufu’s grandson) built the two smaller pyramids. The Great Sphinx stands guard at the entrance of the complex, which includes smaller pyramids belonging to female members of the dynasty and tombs for their relatives and courtiers.
6 STONEHENGE (WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND)
Surrounded by hundreds of nearby burial mounds, Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England. Archeologists postulate that the site was built between 3000 and 2000 BC.
7 Ruins of Ayutthaya (Thailand)
Ayutthaya, whose name means “undefeatable” in Sanskrit, may not be as popular as Bangkok, Chiang Mai or Phuket but it's one of the many places in Thailand that's frequented by tourists who want to see its world-reknowned ruins.
In its heyday, Ayutthaya was a bustling metropolis of international repute, whose progress, according to historians, rivaled even Europe's capitals at the time. So prosperous was the kingdom that her neighbor Burma (now Myanmar) coveted her, so the Burmese army burned and sacked the city. Today, only the debris of the empire's glory remains, forming part of what is now known as the Ayutthaya Historical Park, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Crowning the city of Athens, the Acropolis—“High City” in Greek—seems to reach up into the clouds. Built from 461–429 B.C., under the Athenian statesman Pericles, the site comprises the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena Nike, the Propylaea and the Erechtheion, which together recall the wealth, power, and sophistication of ancient Greece. Dedicated to Athena, the Parthenon is the most important surviving example of Classical Greece, but the Erechtheion, with the stunningly carved Porch of the Caryatids, is an equally incredible sight.
9 TA PROHM (SIEM REAP PROVINCE, CAMBODIA)
Seen in the film Tomb Raider, Ta Prohm was originally named Rajavihara. While most Angkorian temples have been largely rebuilt, Ta Prohm remains mostly in its original state. It was founded as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university.
10 The Colosseum (Italy)
One of the greatest works of Roman architecture and perhaps the most recognized ruin in the world, the Colosseum or Roman Coliseum --originally the Flavian Amphitheatre-- is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. As well as the gladiatorial games, other public spectacles were held there, such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. About 500,000 people and over a million wild animals died in the Colosseum games.
Although in the 21st century it stays partially ruined due to damage caused by devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and its breakthrough achievements in earthquake engineering. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and still has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession around the various levels of the amphitheatre.
11 Pompeii (Italy)
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. completely destroyed the town of Pompeii, burying it under molten lava and petrifying the site when it hardened. It takes some imagination to appreciate the site, which features the ruins of a meat and fish market, a bakery, the baths, Temple of Jupiter, the Basilica law courts, amphitheater, and several villas. Frescoes in the Villa dei Misteri (Villa of Mysteries) show a young bride's initiation into the cult of Bacchus. A mosaic in the Casa del Poeta Tragico (House of the Tragic Poet) shows a chained dog with the inscription cave canum(“Beware of the dog”).
12 LONGMEN GROTTOES (HENAN PROVINCE, CHINA)
Over 1,400 caves filled with over 100,000 statues make up Longmen Grottoes, also known as the Longmen Caves. Some of the statues are only one inch tall, while the largest Buddha statue measures 57 feet tall.
13 The Parthenon (Greece)
Greek goddess Athena's temple, the Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC on the Athenian Acropolis. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered one of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of ancient Greece and Athenian democracy, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of restoration and reconstruction
14 Ephesus (Turkey)
Located near present-day Selçuk in Izmir Province, Ephesus was once the most important Greco-Roman city in the Eastern Mediterranean and one of the best-preserved ancient sites in the world. The site tells the story of a powerful trading port and sacred settlement to the cult of Artemis. It was later conquered by the Romans and became an important Christian site, where the Third Ecumenical Council declared Mary the Mother of God. Ephesus was eventually conquered by the Byzantines and incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. Visitors today can see the Church of St. Mary, the Temple of Hadrian, Roman harbor baths, the Theater Gymnasium, amphitheater, and the incredible Library of Celsus.
15 BOROBUDUR (MAGELANG, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA)
The world’s largest Buddhist temple, Borobudur is composed of six square platforms with three circular platforms resting on top of them. 2,672 reliefs and 504 Buddha statues adorn the temple.
16 Jesuitical Ruins of Trinidad (Paraguay)
Located about 25 km away from Encarnacion, on the route to Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, is one of the most interesting and suggestive ruins of the 8 missions in Paraguay.
Trinidad was founded by natives that came from the mission of San Carlos. Its main architects were fathers Juan Bautista Prímoli of Milan and the Catalan Jose Grimau. Uncompleted, this mission had one of the larges and prettiest churches of all missions, according to descriptions by travelers of that period.
After crossing the nave of the old church, you can see an impressive view of the frieze high on the altar wall, entirely decorated on the very stone, with a sequence of angels in baroque postures and their instruments. The two doors giving access to the sacristies are worth mentioning: the columns with disproportionate capitals and a triple row of leaves supporting the frieze with two lateral pillars and a sculptural motif in the center.
On the west side are the ruins of the tower and a long chapel. The tower, with a square base, reminds us of a fort tower and it is not known whether it was a belfry, an observation tower, or both at the same time. The chapel was probably used while the main church was being built. One of the sacristies also holds a small museum with local items (in original colors) and a scale model of the mission. It was declared Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO in 1993.
17 ANGKOR WAT ( Cambodia)
The largest religious monument in the world, Angkor Wat is the best preserved and most impressive of the Khmer temples that make up the Angkor Temple Complex. In the 12th century, King Suryavarman II had it built at the capital of the Khmer Empire and dedicated it to the Hindu god Vishnu. Oriented toward the west, the temple's five conical towers are arranged to form a huge lotus bud. Bas-reliefs depicting the creation of the world, an audience given by the king, and epic battles from Hindu mythology are especially impressive.
18 LUXOR TEMPLE (LUXOR, EGYPT)
Founded in 1400 BC, the Luxor Temple is a sandstone temple complex located in current-day Luxor (known as Thebes in ancient times). Five other large temples can be found in the area.
19 Copan Ruins (Honduras)
A Mayan capital from the 400s to the 800s, Copan is one of the largest and most impressive of all the Mayan centers discovered so far. It consists of pyramids, temples and 21 stone pillars, or stelae, with exquisite carved likenesses of ancient Copan kings. Although Tikal in Guatemala is the largest known Mayan site and is easier to get to, Copan shouldn't be missed by anyone interested in the Mayan civilization.
20 HADRIAN’S WALL (CUMBRIA, ENGLAND)
Hadrian’s Wall was a fortification in Roman Britain. A large portion of the wall still remains, and was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. The majority of the wall was built over six years and marked the de facto border of the Roman Empire in the British Isles.